Finding Child Care
Choosing child care for your family is an important decision. It requires time, planning, and information. This step-by-step guide to choosing child care has been developed by the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development to guide you in your search for the child care arrangement that best suits your needs.
Quality child care should offer your child a place to grow, learn and be happy. Children should have many chances to play indoors and outdoors and to spend time with other children and caring adults. Both you and your child should feel comfortable and secure in the child care setting and have the opportunity to ask any questions you may have.
The daily subsidy rate will vary depending on the family income. If the daily subsidy rate is calculated at less than $1.00 per day, the applicant will not be eligible.
Types of Child Care in Nova Scotia
In Nova Scotia, as in other provinces in Canada, there are a number of child care options available to you. You can have your child cared for in a licensed child care centre, or a home that is approved by a licensed family home day care agency. You may also choose unlicensed care where your child receives care by someone in their home or in yours. Each setting has some advantages.
See Consider your Options for more information on each type of child care.
Role of the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD) ensures that regulated child care programs meet and maintain specific provincial standards, which are set out in the Day Care Act and Regulations. The standards ensure that the health, safety and developmental needs of the children are met. Examples of requirements include:
- group size
- ratio; the number of children that can be cared for vs. the number of staff required
- staff qualifications
- healthy nutrition, including meals and snacks
- hygiene and cleanliness, including space for washing and bathroom areas
- emergency and safety procedures, including monthly fire drills
- behaviour guidance policies
- indoor and playground equipment, toys and furniture
- adequate indoor play space and natural light
- current Criminal Record Checks and Child Abuse Registry for all staff. Regulated child care facilities are required to maintain both on file for all staff.
- Daily Program standards
Please note that EECD only monitors care provided in homes that are approved by a licensed family home day care agency. It is up to individual care providers to choose whether or not they register with an agency. In all situations, it is important for parents and guardians to scrutinize the care their children receive. This is especially important if the child care setting you choose is not a regulated child care centre or approved family home day care program.
If you have concerns about your child's care please contact Licensing Services at 1-877-223-9555 or the Early Childhood Development Services at 902-424-1876.
Before you start your search for child care, think about what matters most to your family. Consider the following list of questions to help identify your priorities:
- Do all of your children need to be accommodated at the same child care centre, private home, or family home day care, or are you able to manage separate drop off and pick up times?
- Do you have a preferred location for child care e.g., close to your home, or close to work?
- Do the hours of operation match your family’s schedule? Is there a chance you may need care for your children outside of typical working hours?
- Do you need infant care?
- Do you need care for a child who has special developmental or dietary needs?
IN NOVA SCOTIA, LICENSED CHILD CARE OPTIONS INCLUDE CHILD CARE CENTRES AND APPROVED FAMILY HOME DAY CARE.
Licensed Care Centres
Child care centres can be licensed to care for children from birth to age 12. To be licensed, child care centres must comply with the Day Care Act and Regulations, and are inspected and monitored regularly.
- children have opportunities to play with other children, which is important for healthy development and well-being;
- professional staff, with training in early childhood education will be present
- activities and the play environment are inclusive of all children and designed to support optimal child development
- centres are required to meet provincial regulations and standards for care
- policies and procedures must be documented and cover important topics such as daily fees, holidays, program goals, and health and safety practices
- specific adult-to-child ratios and group sizes must be maintained
- meals and/or snacks will meet provincial food and nutrition standards
- child care subsidy to assist with daily fees is available to families who qualify
- receipts are provided so that families can claim child care costs on annual tax returns
Approved Family Home Day Care (FHDC)
Family home day care is child care offered in someone’s home under the supervision of a licensed family home day care agency. Agencies are licensed to approve, manage and monitor the care provided by care providers in their own homes.
- family atmosphere meals and snacks are healthy and meet provincial food and nutrition standards
- family home day care agencies provide assistance, support and monitoring to the care provider
- care providers must meet standards of care and have clear policies and procedures
- group sizes are small
- flexibility in schedules and hours may be available
- child care subsidy to assist with daily fees is available to families who qualify
- receipts are provided so that families can claim a portion of child care costs on annual tax returns
- children of multiple ages (infants to 12 years) can be cared for by one provider
In Nova Scotia, individuals can look after up to six children of any age, or eight school-aged children without a license. Unlicensed child care arrangements are made privately between the parents and the provider.
Some examples include:
- a friend or relative who cares for your child in your own home or in their own home
- a babysitter who cares for your child in your own home or in their own home
- a nanny who lives with your family
While you may find there are some advantages to unlicensed arrangements, it is important to evaluate the environment where your child will be cared for.
Questions to consider include:
- Is the environment safe, stimulating and developmentally appropriate?
- Is the person providing the care capable and trustworthy?
- Does the person have any credentials or special qualifications and experience to care for children?
- Are you confident that the person has basic skills such as first aid training?
- Has the person provided proof that she or he has not been found guilty of a criminal offence that would make her or him unsuitable to care for children?
- Is this person in the Child Abuse Registry?
To start your search, make a list of child care programs in your area. Try some of the following sources to help make your list:
- Nova Scotia’s Directory of Licensed Child Care Facilities
- Childcare Resource and Research Unit website Finding Quality Child Care: A Guide for Parents in Canada
- Recommendations from trusted friends, relatives, neighbours, or coworkers
- Online resources (message boards, parenting websites, etc.)
- Family Resource Centre, Early Intervention Program or community school
- Yellow Pages
- Community centres
Contact each of the child care centres/providers on your list. Think of this step as a first interview. Speak with the director, provider, or owner/operator and have a list of questions ready to ask. The answers to your questions will help you choose the places you'd like to visit in person. Download and print the list of Telephone Interview Questions (PDF) to help you with this part of the process.
At the end of each interview, decide if you'd like to book an appointment to visit the child care program/provider in person.
You've made the calls. You've narrowed down your search. Now you're ready to visit the programs/providers you're considering. It’s very important to visit the home or child care centre before enrolling your child. During your visit, you'll want to:
- Talk with the staff, owner/operator
- Observe the interactions between the children and educators
- Assess the physical setting and general atmosphere in the centre or home
Once you've completed your visits, it’s time to consider how each setting could meet your family’s and your child’s needs and priorities.
- Review the information you've gathered and discuss it with family and friends.
- It is important to trust your initial feelings about the environment, the programs, and the educators or child care providers
- Finally, contact the child care centre or care provider you've selected to confirm your decision.
Child Care Subsidy
Nova Scotia’s child care subsidy program helps eligible families pay for l regulated child care. The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development provides subsidies to the child care centre or family home day care on your behalf. The subsidy is attached to your child, not the child care centre. If you decide to change child care centres, the subsidy goes with you.
Who can apply?
Subsidies are available if your child is 12 years old or younger and will be attending a full-day or school age program. Eligibility is also based on your family’s social need, residency status, liquid assets, and financial criteria. You must be eligible in all areas to qualify for child care subsidy.
How to apply?
You can apply for child care subsidy using one of the following methods:
- contact a child care subsidy caseworker
- download and print an application form and mail it to the Early Years Branch
- pick up an application form at a child care centre, family home day care agency, or by contacting a child care subsidy caseworker
Your application will be reviewed by a child care subsidy caseworker. You will be required to provide proof of your income (income tax Notice of Assessment) and your Social Insurance Number with your application. In some cases, an interview may be scheduled with a caseworker.
Child Care Fees
It is your responsibility to find a child care centre or family home day care for your child. You will need to let the Child Care Subsidy Caseworker know when your child will be starting and what the daily fees are.
Paying Child Care Fees
If approved for subsidy, your caseworker will let you know how much your subsidy will be and how much you will be required to pay. Your child care centre or family home day care will bill the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development directly for the portion of your fees to be paid through subsidy. Be sure to keep copies of all forms related to your child care subsidy application.
Eligibility for child care subsidy must be re-established every 12 months, or more often if determined by the caseworker. If you are receiving a subsidy, you are required to notify your caseworker of any changes in your financial circumstances within seven (7) days of the change. If you fail to notify your caseworker, you may lose your subsidy and may be required to pay back the subsidy you've already received.
Child care can be an enriching and satisfying experience for you and your child. Whether your child goes to a child care centre, a family home day care, or is cared for in a private home, it can take time for you and your child to adjust.
Getting used to Child Care
Depending on your child's age, personality and development, feeling comfortable in child care may take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. Your child's introduction to child care will be easier if your child care provider understands that you and your child may feel some uncertainty about being separated from each other. Your provider can help relieve your concerns and help your child adjust to new surroundings.
How can you help?
You can help by preparing both yourself and your child well in advance. You can make it easier for your child care provider to help by sharing information about your child's routines, your culture and family and your hopes for your child. If you have specific concerns or needs, you should feel comfortable sharing these. There are things you can do to help your child adjust to child care:
- Make sure you feel good about the child care arrangement. If you feel anxious about your decision, your child may sense it and become anxious too. Talk to your child care provider about any lingering doubts or questions you may have.
- Speak positively about the child care setting and the staff and children before care begins. Your child's attitude is likely to reflect your confidence and enthusiasm.
- Visit the centre or home with your child ahead of time and more than once, if possible. Your child can meet the provider and other children and become familiar with what happens there.
- Go with your child on the first day. If you can’t make it, arrange for someone your child knows and is comfortable with to go.
- If possible, ease into care gradually. For example, on the first day, take your child for an hour or so, then leave together. Over the next few days, stay for extended periods of time. As your child becomes more comfortable, gradually increase the time away until your child is spending the full day in care.
- Allow your child to take a favourite toy or comfort item that reminds them of you or of home. Having something familiar is comforting when everything else is new.
- Say good-bye, even if your child is playing happily. State clearly when you’ll be back using words your child understands. For example, "I’ll be back after you finish your snack and play outside." Your child needs to feel certain that you’ll return. If you disappear without saying anything, your child may become upset.
- Make sure you pick up your child when you said you would.
What can you do at home?
It’s not unusual for children to experience behaviour changes while they adjust to child care. It’s important to be patient and understanding. Your child is adjusting to separation from you and also learning to cope with new people, a new place, new routines and activities.
Spend time with your child, observe, ask questions and listen. Direct communication is the best way to find out about what has happened during the day.
Help your child get used to child care by making sure there are no other major changes in your child's life. For example, do not begin toilet training or experiment with new foods during this time. Emphasize familiar routines and activities that will make your child feel secure.
Your confidence and positive attitude will trickle down to your child. Both of you will get used to the child care arrangement more quickly and begin to enjoy the benefits it can have for your family.